STUDENTS’ UNION ACTIVITIES (CONTROL AND REGULATION) ACT
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
- Students’ participation in union activities to be voluntary.
- Power of Governing Council, etc., to proscribe unlawful societies.
- Power of the Minister to suspend, expel, etc.
- Power to proscribe students’ unions or associations from union activities.
- Offences and penalties.
- Application of this Act to other enactments.
- Duration of the Act.
- Short title.
An Act to vest in university authorities the power to regulate the activities of stu-
dents’ union and associations and to empower the Minister to suspend or expel
[1989 No. 47.]
[27th December, 1989]
- Students’ participation in union activities to be voluntary
(1) As from the commencement of this Act, student participation in all union activi-
ties shall be voluntary, and confined 10 individual campuses of universities or institutions
of higher learning or any other similar institutions.
(2) Nothing in this Act or any other law shall prevent any Governing Council, Vice-
Chancellor or any authority or person in charge of or in control of any university, higher
institution or similar institution from making regulations for the purposes of controlling
student union activities within aforesaid institutions.
- Power of Governing Council, etc., to proscribe unlawful societies
(1) Where any society, by whatever name called or known, operating within the
campus of a university or any institution of higher learning in Nigeria is pursuing activi-
ties which are-
(a) not in the interest of national security, public safety, public order, public mo-
rality or public health; or
(b) illegal, inimical, destructive or unlawful.
(2) The Governing Council, Vice-Chancellor or any authority or person in charge of
or in control of the university or institution of higher learning may, after conducting in-
vestigations with respect thereto, proscribe any such society.
(3) It shall constitute an offence punishable under this Act, for any student to engage
himself or organise other students to participate in the activities of any society proscribed
pursuant to subsection (1) of this section.
- Power of the Minister to suspend, expel, etc.
(1) The Minister may, as from the commencement of this Act, whenever he is of the
opinion that public interest or public safety so demands, suspend for any specified period
of time, remove, withdraw or expel any student (whether undergraduate, post-graduate or
otherwise) from any university, institution of higher learning or similar institution.
(2) The powers conferred on the Minister by subsection (1) of this section may be
(a) any person or authority authorised by the Minister to do so on his behalf; or
(b) the Governing Council, Vice-Chancellor or any authority or person in charge
of or in control of that institution:
Provided that any student affected by paragraph (b) of this section may, within 28
days on receiving notification to that effect make representations to the President, whose
decision on the matter shall be final and conclusive.
(3) The powers conferred by subsections (1) and (2) of this section shall be exercised
without prejudice to any other legal proceedings (whether criminal or civil), as may be
instituted or intended to be instituted against any student or any person aiding or abetting
such student or person affected by this Act by the appropriate authorities or persons.
- Power to proscribe student unions or associations from union activities
(1) If the President is satisfied that any student union or association (in any university
or institution of higher learning in Nigeria) is pursuing certain activities which are-
(a) not in the interest of defence, public safety, public order, public morality or
(b) illegal, inimical, destructive or unlawful,
he may by order published in the Federal Gazette, proscribe such students union or asso-
ciation and the students union or association shall as from the date of the order cease to
(2) Whenever any students union is proscribed under subsection (1) or this section-
(a) the executive council of the proscribed union situate or operating within any
university in Nigeria or in any other institution of higher learning shall be dis-
solved without any further assurance than this Act;
(b) the officers of or any members of the executive council of the proscribed stu-
dents union shall be removed from office without any further assurance than
(3) Without any further assurance other than this Act, the executive council or any
member of the executive council of the proscribed union, having possession of any prop-
erty or assets of the proscribed students union shall, within fourteen days from the com-
mencement of the proscription, surrender to the Vice-Chancellor or any authority or per-
son in charge of or in control of the university or institution of higher learning, as the case
may be, such property or assets (including any subscription, fee or any other money how-
- Offences and penalties
(1) Any person who fails to comply with the provisions of section 1, 2 or 4 of this
Act shall be guilty of an offence under this Act.
(2) Any person, whether or not a student of a university, institution of higher learning
or similar institution, who aids, abets or participates in the violation of or non-compliance
with any of the provisions of this Act, shall be guilty of an offence under this Act.
(3) Any student or person who commits an offence under this Act shall be tried by
the High Court of the State concerned.
[1999 No. 62.)
(4) Any person convicted of an offence under this Act shall be liable on conviction to
a fine not exceeding N50,000 or imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to
both such fine and imprisonment.
- Application of this Act to other enactments
The provisions of any enactment, law or instrument relating to any matter to which
this Act applies or relating to the admission or disciplinary control of a student in any
educational institution affected by this Act, shall have effect subject to this Act.
- Duration of the Act
The Minister, with the approval of the President, may designate, from time to time by
order published in the Federal Gazette, any other educational institution to be affected by
the provisions of this Act.
“competent authority” means the Governing Council, Vice-Chancellor or any
authority or person in charge of or in control of any affected institution authorised in that
behalf by the President;
“institution of higher learning” includes college of technology, teachers’ training
college or any other educational institution as the Minister may, by order published in the
Federal Gazette, from time to time, determine;
“Minister” means the Minister charged with responsibility for matters relating to
- Short title
This Act may be cited as the Students’ Union Activities (Control and Regulation) Act.