R&D, Biotechnology & Technology Transfer in Nigeria

Knowledge Transfer
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NLIPW Patents Law Volume 1 Number 2


(R&D, Biotechnology & Technology Transfer)

March 23, 2012

Content Sources

  1. Journal of African Law
  2. International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology
  3. ECON Papers
  4. The Journal of World Intellectual Property
  5. International Journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research

Transfer of Technology to Nigeria and the Patents and Designs Act 1970 by S.K. Date-Bah

The patent system has been claimed to be one of the ways of facilitating the transfer of technology from the industrialized North to the less developed countries of the South. It is by no means the only way in which this can be done. For one thing, not all technology is patented. Also, quite often before a patented process can be successfully worked there is need for the transfer of unpatented know-how along with the technology covered by the patent. Besides, it is not the patent itself which enables the transfer of the technology; rather, by making the title and exclusive rights of the patentee secure, it emboldens him to transfer his technology to others for commercial exploitation. Nevertheless, the patent is an important factor in the technology transfer process. As one United Nations report has put it. Read more

Agricultural Biotechnology R&D and Innovations in Nigeria by A. Iferin, M.O. Ilorin and B.O. Solomon International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2005

This study examined the nature and extent of the agricultural biotechnology Research & Developments and innovations in Nigeria. Data were collected from the Directors, Heads of Crop Units and Research Scientists in the agricultural research institutes using structured and unstructured questionnaires and interview schedules. The data collected were analysed using frequencies, means and percentages. The study revealed that there were 48 researchers engaged in the various aspects of agricultural biotechnology R&D, in the research institutes considered. About 32.9% were females, 67.1% were males with mean ages of 38 and 39.5 years, respectively. The majority, 53.2% of the researchers, possessed MSc qualifications with 46.6% specializing in conventional biotechnology. A total of 308 research outputs were recorded in all the research institutes. The most important motivation for embarking on these research projects was the need of the market (72.1%) and the existence of facilities (27.9%). The various bodies responsible for commercialization of research results were the research institutes (83.3%), entrepreneurs (6.7%), the financial institutions, cooperative farmers and the National Seed Service (3.3%). The study also revealed that only two scientists possessed intellectual property rights and received royalties regularly while the majority did not patent their research results because of the lack of interest (45.4%), ignorance (32.0%) and the rigors of the procedure (32.3%). Read more

The Role of Intellectual Property Rights in the Benefit Sharing Arrangements: The Case of Bio-resources Development and Conservation Program in Nigeria by Anil K. Gupta

The subject of this case study is the role of intellectual property rights in the benefit-sharing arrangements surrounding the work of the Bio-resources Development and Conservation Programme (BDCP) as a part of the International Cooperative Biodiversity Group (ICBG) in the field of traditional medicine. In particular the role of patents, trade secrets and trademarks are discussed. The case examines a national patent and an “international” patent application under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), with claims over TK-based pharmaceutical inventions related to the work of the ICBG. This study is part of WIPO’s sponsored study on the role of intellectual property rights in the sharing of benefits arising from the use of biological resources and associated traditional knowledge. Read more

Patent and Pharmaceutical R&D: Consolidating Private-Public Partnership Approach to Global Public Health Crises by Chidi Oguamanam, The Journal of World Intellectual Property, Volume 13, issue 4 (July 2010), p. 556-580. DOI: 10.1111/j.1747-1796.2010.00396.x

This paper examines the patent regime in the pharmaceutical sector analyzing the reward and incentive justification of Intellectual Property. It further examines the direction in which the patent regime promotes pharmaceutical Research & Development and innovation. It looks at the role of non-market actors in filling the gaps in the global public health system in regard to public health and the access to essential drugs crises and recommends a patent-based pharmaceutical research & development and innovation system that is driven by global need and demand. The paper also recommends that such a system should be backed by a treaty on pharmaceutical research & development that provides legal framework for the non-market actors while affirming the balancing role of intellectual property in negotiating social relations. Read more

The Management of Research and Development (R&D) for Commercialization in Nigeria by Prince Okechukwu Ukwuoma, Benedict Amade and Enoch Ifeanyichukwu Moghalu, International Journal of Advanced Scientific and Technical Research Issue 3 volume 1, January-February 2013

This study examines three factors that affect the management of research & development (R&D) outcomes for commercialization in Nigeria namely: implicit, explicit and technology brokering. The study found that a significant relationship exists among implicit factors, explicit factors, technology brokering and R&D management structure. The study concludes that effective management of R&D activities is crucial for wealth creation and national development and recommends that greater attention should be paid to these factors or their negligence may be detrimental to the expected commercialization of R&D outcomes and other inventions. The study further recommends that the National Innovative System (NIS) should: (i) Make policies to encourage technology brokering activities in all research and related research institutes; (ii) Ensure that it brings together the right mix of quality technical resources to R&D activities.; (iii) Provide an enabling environment conducive for innovative efforts in research and related research institutes and that further studies be carried out in order to compare or generalize the findings of this work. Read more


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About Bob Aroture 559 Articles
Bob is a Senior Editor and Content Development Manager at Nigerian Law Intellectual Property Watch. He holds a BS degree, with a major in biochemistry. He works directly with the Newsroom Team. His focus areas are technology and innovation, and pharmaceutical technology. Email: editorial@nlipw.com