NIGERIAN MINING CORPORATION ACT
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
- Establishment of the Nigerian Mining Corporation.
- Tenure of office, etc.
- Functions of the Corporation.
- Powers of the Corporation.
- General manager and secretary of the Corporation.
- Staff generally.
- Borrowing powers.
- Establishment of fund by the Corporation.
- Expenditure of the Corporation, etc.
- Accounts and audit.
- Annual report.
- Compulsory acquisition of land.
- Protection of the Corporation’s land.
- Application etc., of certain enactments.
- Protection of certain rights.
- Prospecting rights, etc., under Minerals and Mining Act.
- Power to make bye-laws.
- Short title.
Supplementary provisions relating to the Corporation, ete.
Modification of certain enactments
NIGERIAN MINING CORPORATION ACT
An Act to establish the Nigerian Mining Corporation as a statutory corporation
empowered to engage in prospecting for mining and refining minerals of various
kinds occurring in Nigeria apart from coal and petroleum.
[1972 No. 39.]
[24th October, 1972]
- Establishment of the Nigerian Mining Corporation
(1) There shall be established a body by the name of the Nigerian Mining Corporation
which shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal.
(2) The Corporation shall consist of the members mentioned in section 2 of this Act
and the provisions of the First Schedule to this Act shall have effect with respect to the
powers and procedures of the Corporation and other matters there mentioned.
(1) The Corporation shall consist of a chairman to be appointed by the President and
the following other members, that is-
[1977 No. 34.]
(a) the Director of Mineral Resources;
(b) the Director of Geological Surveys;
(c) the Permanent Secretary, Federal Ministry of Finance or his representative;
(d) the general manager of the Corporation; and
(e) five other persons to be appointed by the President who, by reason of any
necessary ability, experience, specialised knowledge of the mining industry or their
business or professional attainment, have a special contribution to make to the
work of the Corporation.
(2) The President may, by order published in the Federal Gazette, increase or reduce
or otherwise vary the composition of membership of the Corporation.
- Tenure of office, etc.
(1) Subject to this Act, a member of the Corporation who is not a public officer shall,
unless he previously vacates his office-
(a) hold office for a period of three years on such terms as may be specified in his instrument of appointment; and
(b) be eligible for re-appointment,and such member shall be paid out of the moneys at the disposal of the Corporation such
remuneration and allowances as the Minister with the approval of the President may determine.
(2) Without prejudice to section 11 of the Interpretation Act (which provides, among
other things, for the removal of appointees by the person who appointed them) any member of the Corporation not being a public officer-
(a) shall cease to hold office if he resigns his office by a notice in writing signed by him and served on the Minister;
(b) may be removed from office by notice in writing served on him by the Minister for reasons stated in
- Functions of the Corporation
Subject to the provisions of this Act, and without prejudice to the operation of section 2
of the Nigerian Steel Development Authority Act, the Corporation shall be charged
with the general duty of-
(a) exploring and prospecting for, working, mining or otherwise acquiring,
processing and disposing of minerals of various kinds occurring in Nigeria other
than petroleum or coal;
(b) smelting, roasting, assaying, amalgamating, refining, or otherwise treating the
minerals aforesaid in any manner calculated to render the products and by-
products of any such mineral marketable;
(c) purchasing the ores or the products and by-products of any of the minerals
aforesaid from any source outside Nigeria in any case where they are not
available in Nigeria;
(d) marketing the ores, products and by-products of any or all the minerals afore-
(e) performing the other functions conferred on it by or pursuant to this Act.
5. Powers of the Corporation
Subject to the other provisions of this Act, the Corporation shall have power to do
anything which in its opinion is calculated to facilitate the carrying on of its activities
including, without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing, the power to–
(a) sue and be sued in its corporate name;
(b) hold and manage movable and immovable property;
(c) construct and maintain such roads, railways, sidings, tramways, bridges,
reservoirs, watercourses, buildings, plant and machinery and such other works as
may be necessary for, or conducive to, the discharge of the functions conferred
on it by or under this Act;
(d) purchase or otherwise acquire or take over any asset, business, property,
privilege, contract, right, obligation and liability of any company, firm or person
in furtherance of the business engaged in by the Corporation;
(e) enter into contracts or partnerships with any company, firm or person which in
the opinion of the Corporation will facilitate the discharge of its functions under this Act;
( f ) train managerial and technical staff for the purpose of the running of its operations;
(g) undertake such research as may be necessary for the performance of its functions
under this Act, and for that purpose it may establish such number of research
laboratories including mineralogical, chemical, mineral dressing and as-
say laboratories either independently or in partnership with any company, firm
or person, as it may determine in each case
(h) exercise such other powers as are necessary or expedient for giving full effect
to the provisions of this Act.
- General manager and secretary of the Corporation
(1) There shall be an officer of the Corporation to be known as the general manager
of the Corporation who shall be appointed by the President on the recommendation of the
(2) The general manager shall be the chief executive of the Corporation and shall be
responsible for the general administration of the Corporation, the execution of the policy
of the Corporation and the transaction of its day-to-day business.
(3) There shall be appointed by the Corporation a secretary to the Corporation who
shall be an officer but not a member of the Corporation and shall keep the Corporation’s
records and conduct its correspondence and perform such other duties as the Corporation
may, from time to time direct or require.
- Staff generally
(1) Subject to this Act the Corporation may appoint such persons as members of its
staff as it considers necessary and may approve conditions of service including provision
for the payment of pensions:Provided that no pensions scheme shall be put into operation without the prior
approval in writing of the Federal Civil Service Commission.
(2) If the Minister thinks it expedient that any vacancy in the staff of the Corporation
should be filled by a person holding office in any of the civil services of the Federation,
he shall inform the Federal Civil Service Commission and thereafter the Federal Civil
Service Commission may fill the vacancy by way of secondment or transfer.
(3) Where a person is seconded pursuant to subsection (2) of this section, he shall be
notified of the terms and conditions of the secondment; and the secondment shall be
without prejudice to any pension right which, but for the secondment, would still accrue
(4) A person, seconded under subsection (2) of this section, may elect to be transferred
to the staff of the Corporation in which case any previous service in any of the
public services as aforesaid shall count as service for the purposes of any pension subsequently payable by the Corporation.
(5) Where a person who is a member of any of the public services of the Federation
is transferred to the service of the Corporation then if the Federal Civil Service Commission so directs–
(a) that person’s former service in that public service shall be taken into account in
applying the provisions of the Pensions Act; and
(b) that Act shall have effect as if that person’s service with the Corporation were
service in the said public service.
- Borrowing powers
(1) Subject to subsection (2) of this section, the Corporation may, from time to time,
borrow such sums as it may require in the exercise of its functions under this Act.
(2) Subject to the following provisions of this section of this Act the Corporation
shall not, without the approval of the President, borrow any sum of money whereby the
amount in the aggregate outstanding on any loan or on all loans at any time exceeds
(3) Nothing in this section shall prevent the Corporation from borrowing in excess of
the limit imposed under subsection (2) of this section for the purpose of paying off any
(4) A person lending to the Corporation shall not be bound to enquire whether the
borrowing is within the power of the Corporation.
- Establishment of fund by the Corporation
(l) The Corporation shall establish and maintain a fund from which there shall be de-
frayed all expenditure by the Corporation.
(2) There shall be paid and credited to the fund established in pursuance of subsection (1) of this section-
(a) such sums as may, from time to time, be lent or granted to the Corporation by
the Government of the Federation or a State;
(b) such sums as may, from time to time, be lent to the Corporation by any person;
(c) all property and investments acquired by or vested in the Corporation and all
moneys earned or arising therefrom; and
(d) such sums as may be received by the Corporation in the course of its
operations or in relation to the exercise of any or all of its functions under this Act.
10. Expenditure of the Corporation, etc.
(1) The Corporation may, from time to time, apply the proceeds of the fund established
in pursuance of section 9 of this section-
(a) to the cost of administration of the Corporation or of any subsidiary it might
acquire pursuant to this Act;
(b) to the repayment of any money borrowed pursuant to this Act;
(c) to the granting of loans to its officers and servants for such purposes and on
such terms and conditions as it may approve; and
(d) for and in connection with all or any of its functions under this Act or any
other written law.
(2) With the approval of the President the Minister may issue to the Corporation directives
as to the disposal of surplus funds and, subject to such directives, the Corporation
may invest its funds and maintain a general financial reserve.
11. Accounts and audit
(1) The Corporation shall keep proper accounts and proper records in relation thereto
and shall prepare in respect of each financial year a statement of accounts in such form as
the Minister may direct, being a form which shall conform with the best commercial
(2) The Corporation shall as soon as may be after the end of the financial year to
which the accounts relate cause its accounts to be audited by auditors appointed from the
list of auditors and in accordance with the guidelines supplied by Auditor-General for the
(3) The auditors shall on the completion of the audit of the accounts of the Corporation
for each financial year prepare and submit to the Corporation the following two reports, that is to say-
(a) a general report setting out the observations and recommendations of the
auditors on the financial affairs of the Corporation generally for that year and
on any important matters which the auditors may consider necessary to bring
to the notice of the Corporation; and
(b) a detailed report containing the observations and recommendations of the
auditors in detail on all aspects of the operations of the Corporation for that
12. Annual report
(1) The Corporation shall prepare and submit to the Minister not later than 30 June in
each financial year a report in such form as the Minister may direct on the activities of
the Corporation during the immediately preceding financial year, and shall include in the
report a copy of the audited accounts of the Corporation for that year and of the reports
mentioned in subsection (3) of section 11 of this Act.
(2) The Minister shall cause a copy of each report made to him under this section to
be laid before the President.
13. Compulsory acquisition of land
(1) Whenever there is any hindrance to the acquisition by the Corporation of any land
required for any purpose of the Corporation under this Act (including any failure by the
Corporation to reach agreement with the party concerned as to the amount to be paid in
respect of the acquisition), the Minister, on the application of the Corporation and after
such inquiry as he may think fit, may declare that the land is required for the service of
(2) Where a declaration is made under subsection (1) of this section, the land to
which the declaration relates shall be deemed to be land required for a public purpose
within the meaning of the Land Use Act, and the President may cause action to be taken
under that Act for acquiring the land for the Federal Government.
(3) Where a declaration has been made under subsection (1) of this section in respect
of any land and-
(a) the land has been acquired pursuant to subsection (2) of this section; or
(b) the President is satisfied that there are no rights subsisting in respect of the land,
the President may vest the land in the Corporation by means of a certificate under the
hand and seal of the Registrar of Deeds.
(4) The compensation (if any) payable under the Land Use Act for the acquisition of
any land under this section of this Act shall in the first instance be paid by the Federal
Government but the Corporation shall refund to that Government any compensation so
paid and all incidental expenses incurred by the Government.
(5) A plan of the land referred to in subsection (1) of this section–
(a) containing measurements of the boundaries of the land;
(b) showing the relationship of the land to any sufficient identifying mark; and
(c) signed by the general manager of the Corporation,
shall be a sufficient description of the land for the purposes of an application under that subsection.
14. Protection of the Corporation’s land
Land vested in the Corporation shall not be liable to be acquired compulsorily under
any enactment; and notwithstanding anything in any other enactment, no mining operations
shall be carried on, in or under any land vested in the Corporation or any land over
which the Corporation is entitled to rights of support for the benefit of lands so vested
except with the prior consent in writing of the Minister or the Corporation.
15. Application etc., of certain enactments
(1) For the purposes of this Act, the Corporation shall be subject to all rights, powers,
obligations and duties to which-
(a) the holder of a prospecting right, an exclusive prospecting licence, a mining
right or water licence or a lessee of a mining lease is subject under the Minerals and Mining Act;
(b) the holder of a quarrying lease or a quarrying licence is subject under the Minerals and Mining Act.
(2) Accordingly, the provisions of the enactments mentioned in subsection (1) of this
section shall apply in relation to the Corporation as they apply in relation to any person
under those enactments, so however that in the application thereof-
(a) the provisions of the said enactments specified in Part A of the Second Schedule to this Act shall be excluded; and
(b) the Forms specified in Part B of the said Schedule shall for the purposes of this
Act only be consequentially modified,and subsidiary instruments made pursuant to the
enactments shall be construed accordingly.
(3) Except as provided in subsection (2) of this section, nothing in this section shall
be construed as authorising the disregard by the Corporation of any enactment or rule of law.
16. Protection of certain rights
Where in the exercise of any function under this Act certain rights are affected the
provisions of this Act shall not be construed so as to exclude-
(a) the payment of compensation in respect of any loss or damage that may have
been suffered in consequence of the operation of the provisions of this Act;
(b) the determination of any right or interest in any property acquired or possessed
by the Corporation and the amount of compensation payable pursuant to this
section by any court of competent jurisdiction.
17. Prospecting rights, etc., under the Minerals and Mining Act
For the avoidance of doubt and notwithstanding the provisions of this Act, the Minister
may grant any of the rights, licences and leases under the Minerals and Mining Act to
any person, other than the Corporation, for the prospecting and mining of the minerals
referred to in this Act.
18. Power to make bye-laws
(1) The Corporation may, with the approval of the Minister, make bye-laws, not in-
consistent with this Act, for the general and efficient conduct of the functions conferred
on it under this Act.
(2) Bye-laws made under subsection (1) of this section need not be published in the
Federal Gazette but the Corporation shall bring them to the notice of such affected or
interested persons (including officers and servants of the Corporation) in such manner as
it may, from time to time, determine.
(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-
“Corporation” means the Nigerian Mining Corporation established pursuant to section 1 of this Act;
“functions” include powers and duties;
“Minister” means the Minister charged with responsibility for mines;
“prospecting” has the meaning assigned thereto by section 259 of the Minerals and Mining Act.
(2) In this Act, the reference to minerals includes all the minerals as defined under
section 259 of the Minerals and Mining Act but for the avoidance of doubt does not include-
(a) coal as defined under section 2 of the Nigerian Coal Corporation Act;
(b) petroleum as defined under section 15 (1) of the Petroleum Act.
20. Short title
This Act may be cited as the Nigerian Mining Corporation Act.
[Section 1 (2).]
Supplementary provisions relating to the Corporation, etc.
1. Subject to this Act and section 27 of the Interpretation Act (which provides for decisions
of a statutory body to be taken by majority of its members and for the chairman to have a second or casting vote),
the Corporation may make standing orders regulating the proceedings of the Corporation or any committee thereof.
[Cap. 123. 1977 No. 34.]
2. Every meeting of the Corporation shall be presided over by the chairman or, if the chair-
man is unable to attend a particular meeting, the members present at the meeting shall elect
one of their number to preside at the meeting.
3. The quorum at a meeting of the Corporation shall consist of the chairman
(or, in an appropriate case, the person presiding at the meeting pursuant to paragraph 2 of this Schedule) and
four other members.
4. Except as provided in section 2 (1) (c) of this Act, no member of the Corporation shall be
entitled to appoint a person to represent him at a meeting.
5. Where standing orders made pursuant to paragraph 1 of this Schedule provide for a committee
of the Corporation to consist of or co-opt persons who are not members of the Corporation,
the committee may advise the Corporation on any matter referred to it by the Corporation, but members
of the committee who are not members of the Corporation shall be entitled
to vote at a meeting of the committee.
6. The fixing of the seal of the Corporation shall be authenticated by the signature of the
chairman or of the general manager of the Corporation.
7. Any contract or instrument which, if made by a person not being a body corporate, would
not be required to be under seal may be made or executed on behalf of the Corporation by any
person generally or specially authorised to act for that purpose by the Corporation.
8. Any document purporting to be a contract, instrument or other document duly signed or
sealed on behalf of the Corporation shall be received in evidence and, unless the contrary is
proved, be presumed without further proof to have been so signed or sealed.
9. The validity of any proceedings of the Corporation or a committee thereof shall not be
(a) by any vacancy in the membership of the Corporation; or
(b) by any defect in the appointment of a member of the Corporation or committee.
10. Any member of the Corporation or a committee thereof who has a personal interest in
any contract or arrangement entered into or proposed to be considered by the Corporation or a
committee shall forthwith disclose his interest to the Corporation or committee and shall not
vote on any question relating to the contract or arrangement.
[ Section 15 (2) (a).]
Modification by Minerals and Mining Act
The Minerals and Mining Act
Section 32 (3) (which relates to the duration of a prospecting right);
Section 35 (1) and (4) (which relates to the renewal of an exclusive prospecting licence);
Section 48 (3) and (6) (which relates to the grant of a mining lease);
Section 51 (1) and (2) (which relates to the duration and consequential renewal of a mining lease);
Section 196 (which relates to the extent of area of land of, and validity of a quarrying lease);
Section 198 (4) (which relates to the duration of a quarrying licence);
Section 199 (which relates to consequential renewal of quarrying licences and leases).
First Schedule to the Minerals and Mining Act
Form A (Prospecting Right)
Form B (Exclusive Prospecting Licence)
Form E (Mining Lease)
Fifth Schedule to the Minerals and Mining Act
Form A (Quarrying Lease)
Form C (Quarrying Licence)
No Subsidiary Legislation