The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) is Nigeria’s equivalent of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Organized under the under the Federal Ministry of Health, NAFDAC is charged to protect the public health in Nigeria by assuring the safety of food, drugs, vaccines, medical devices, cosmetics, chemicals and pesticides, veterinary products, agrochemicals, herbal preparations and related products in Nigeria [1].

NAFDAC also controls the advertisement and sale of food, drugs, cosmetics, and medical devices in Nigeria. In order for any business to legitimately manufacture and/or import food or drugs for trade in Nigeria, it must register its products with NAFDAC.

Administration of NAFDAC

NAFDAC is headed by a chairman who presides over a governing council appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Minister of Health. Other members of the council are:

  • The permanent secretary of the Ministry of Health
  • The director-general of NAFDAC Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON)
  • National Institute for Pharmaceutical Research and Development (NIPRD)
  • The chairman of the Pharmacists Council of Nigeria (PCN)
  • The chairman of the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA)
  • A representative each of the Pharmaceutical Group and the Food and Beverages Group of the Manufacturers’ Association of Nigeria.
  • Three people from the general public

Functions of NAFDAC

NAFDAC is authorized to:

  • Regulate and control the importation, exportation, manufacture, advertisement, distribution, sale and use of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, bottled water and chemicals;
  • conduct appropriate tests and ensure compliance with standard specifications designated and approved by the Council for the effective control of the quality of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, bottled water and chemicals and their raw materials as well as their production processes in factories and other establishments;
  • Undertake appropriate investigations into the production premises and raw materials for food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, bottled water and chemicals and establish relevant quality assurance systems, including certificates of the production sites and of the regulated products;
  • Undertake inspection of imported food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, bottled water and chemicals and establish relevant quality assurance systems, including certification of the production sites and of the regulated products;
  • Compile standard specifications and guidelines for the production, importation, exportation, sale and distribution of food, drug, cosmetics, medical devices, bottled water and chemicals;
  • Undertake the registration of food, drugs, medical devices, bottled water and chemicals;
  • Control the exportation and issue quality certification of food, drugs, medical devices, bottled water and chemicals intended for export;
  • Establish and maintain relevant laboratories or other institutions in strategic areas of Nigeria as may be necessary for the performance of its functions;
  • Pronounce on the quality and safety of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, bottled water and chemicals after appropriate analysis;
  • Undertake measures to ensure that the use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances are limited to medical and scientific purposes;
  • Grant authorization for the import and export of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as well as other controlled substances;
  • Collaborate with the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency in measures to eradicate drug abuse in Nigeria;
  • Advise Federal, State and local governments, the private sector and other interested bodies regarding the quality, safety, and regulatory provisions on food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, bottled water and chemicals;
  • Undertake and co-ordinate research programs on the storage, adulteration, distribution and rational use of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, bottled water and chemicals;
  • Issue guidelines on, approve and monitor the advertisement of food, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, bottled water and chemicals;
  • Compile and publish relevant data resulting from the performance of the functions of the Agency under this Act or from other sources;
  • Sponsor such national and international conferences as it may consider appropriate;
  • Liaise with relevant establishments within and outside Nigeria in pursuance of the functions of the Agency;
  • Determine the suitability or otherwise of medicines, drugs, food products, cosmetics, medical devices or chemicals for human and animal use; and
  • Carry out such activities as are necessary or expedient for the performance of its functions [2].

Units or Departments

NAFDAC is made up of several units and directorates including Pharmacovigilance, Legal, Public Relations, and Internal Audit unit.

Law and NAFDAC Guidelines

NAFDAC has over the years issued a number of guidelines to assist manufacturers and business with obtaining the NAFDAC registration number and complying with good manufacturing practices. In 2016, NAFDAC release some additional guidelines.

Past Director-Generals

  • Prof. Moji Adeyeye (Director-General of NAFDAC)
  • Mrs. Yetunde Oni (former Acting Director General)
  • Dr. Paul Orhii
  • Dr. Dora Akunyili

NAFDAC Office Locations

Corporate Headquarters

Plot 2032, Olusegun Obasanjo Way
Wuse Zone 7, Abuja,
Nigeria

Lagos Office

3/5 Oshodi Expressway,
OSHODI, LAGOS,
Nigeria

Click here to view other NAFDAC office locations.

For current information on the activities of NAFDAC please click here

References:

[1] Ufuoma Akpotaire, Product Registration with the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control, June 30, 2013.
[2] Section 5 National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control Act, Cap N1, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004

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