Copyright in Movie and Film Production in Nigeria

Copyright and Creativity
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NLIPW Copyright Law Volume 1 Number 6

eDigest

(Copyright in Movie and Film Production in Nigeria)

August 27, 2013

Content Sources:

  1. Communicating for Change
  2. WIPO National Seminar on Intellectual Property Rights for Professionals in the Film Industry

Chain of Title Basics: Owning Your Movie and Avoiding Problems by Robert Aft, presented at the WIPO National Seminar on Intellectual Property Rights for Professionals in the Film Industry, Lagos, October 13 -14, 2008

This paper was presented at the WIPO National Seminar on Intellectual Property Rights for Professionals in the Film Industry. The paper looks at some of the international requirements for the ownership of copyrighted work and how movie makers can generate revenues from their work without being sued for infringement of the creative work of others. The paper also highlights chain of titles in books, stories, screenplay, music and film clips. Using real-life examples, some problems that may arise from the failure to acquire rights from owners are discussed. Finally, the paper looks at trademark licensing, product placement and sponsorship and character licenses.‬

Copyright Exploitation: Mainframe Productions as a Case Study of the Film, Television and New Media Markets, Within and Without by Tunde Kelani, presented at the WIPO National Seminar on Intellectual Property Rights for Professionals in the Film Industry, Lagos, October 13 -14, 2008

In this paper, which was presented at the WIPO National Seminar on Intellectual Property Rights for Professionals in the Film Industry, Tunde Kelani, a Nigerian filmmaker, talks about the experiences of his business as a production company in Nigeria. The paper looks at some of the successes and failures in attempting to exploit their copyright, how digital technology poses problems for copyright ownership and discusses current problems that have arisen in the industry that call for changes to existing copyright laws.

Using six movies as case studies — Ti Oluwa ni lle (which was a three part movie), White Handkerchief (a short film), Thunderbolt: Magun (licensed to California Newsreel and Africast with perpetuity rights owned by M-Net Ltd), Abeni 1&2 (a joint production), and Arugba (which at the time of the presentation was not reproduced for home viewing) — this paper highlights some of the rights the production company had to exploit including reproduction rights’ broadcast rights, video-on-demand, copyright in sound recording, domestic and international exhibition rights, download rights and original soundtrack.‬

Copyright Exploitation, Film, TV and New Media Market for Nigerian Movies by Chikezie Donatus Nkem, presented at the WIPO National Seminar on Intellectual Property Rights for Professionals in the Film Industry, Lagos, October 13 -14, 2008

Presented at the WIPO National Seminar on Intellectual Property Rights for Professionals in the Film Industry, this paper looks at the Nigerian Movie Industry, Nollywood, and emphasizes that the growth cannot be sustained if practitioners (including marketers and distributors) in the sector and policy makers continue to ignore issues of copyright and its exploitation. The paper asserts that two main reasons for the failure to fully exploit intellectual property rights in the industry are the lack of education/low level of education of practitioners and lack of knowledge. The paper also discusses how entertainment websites have affected the movie industry’s revenue especially in the international market. The paper calls for practitioners in the sector to educate themselves about screen adaptation of an existing work, theatrical value rights and merchandise rights but concludes that in the absence of an appropriate legal mechanism for IP administration, the benefits of IP to national development would not be realized.

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About Bob Aroture 544 Articles
Bob is a Senior Editor and Content Development Manager at Nigerian Law Intellectual Property Watch. He holds a BS degree, with a major in biochemistry. He works directly with the Newsroom Team. His focus areas are technology and innovation, and pharmaceutical technology. Email: editorial@nlipw.com