The Trademarks, Patents and Designs Registry in Nigeria categorizes marks into 45 unique trademark classes. Classes 1-34 cover goods and products, while classes 35-45 cover services. In this article, we will work you through the different categories and provide examples of goods and services that can be registered. Each class also includes a link to some trademark applications that have been filed in Nigeria.
|Class 1 – Chemical Used in Industry, Science & Photographs|
This class includes chemical goods such as those used in industry, science, photography, agriculture, horticulture and forest, etc.
|Class 2 – Paints, Varnishes, Lacquers and Preservatives|
This class includes paints, varnishes, lacquers, preservatives, certain foil and power metals for artists.
|Class 3 – Bleaching Preparations, Cosmetics, etc.|
This class includes soaps, personal hygiene items, such as perfumes, cosmetics, hair lotion and shaving products, detergents, bleaching preparation, dentifrices, and abrasives for household cleaning.
|Class 4 – Industrial Oils & Greases, Lubricants, Dust Absorbing, etc.|
This class includes industrial oils, greases, lubricants, fuel or gasoline, coal, wax, wood, candles, wicks for lighting and other illuminants etc.
|Class 5 – Pharmaceutical, Veterinary and Sanitary Preparations etc.|
This class covers pharmaceutical, veterinary, and sanitary preparation including diapers, shampoos, dietary supplements, personal hygiene products not including toiletries, food for babies, dental wax, materials for dressing and adhesive bandages.
|Class 6 – Common Metals and their Alloys, etc.|
This class includes metals such as those used in buildings, railways, metal pipes, tubes, signs, nuts and bolts, wires, chains aluminium foil, etc.
|Class 7 – Machines and Machine Tools, Motors and Engines, etc.|
This class includes machines and machine tools, 3D printers, bulldozers, dishwashers, incubator for eggs, elevating apparatus, excavators, and freezing machines.
|Class 8 – Hand Tools and Implements (Hand Operated), etc.|
This class covers hand-operated tools and machines such as hammers, razors, kitchen knives, flat irons, cleavers, drills, axes, beard clippers, chisels, and certain gardening tools etc.
|Class 9 – Scientific, Nautical, Surveying, Photographic, etc.|
Scientific, nautical, surveying, photographic, cinematographic, optical, weighing, measuring, signalling, life-saving and teaching apparatus and instruments, apparatus and instruments for conducting, switching, transforming, accumulating, regulating or controlling electricity, automatic vending machines and mechanisms for coin operated apparatus, cash registers, calculating machines, data processing equipment and computers, fire extinguishing apparatus, fuses, sockets, and plugs.
|Class 10 – Surgical, Medical, Dental and Veterinary Apparatus, etc.|
This class includes medical apparatuses, equipment, and supplies that are specifically made for diagnosing and treating people and animals. Class 10 include artificial limbs, eyes and teeth, orthopedic articles, sutures, rehabilitation tools, veterinary supplies, artificial organs etc.
|Class 11 – Apparatus for Lighting, Heating, Refrigerating, etc.|
This class covers apparatus for lighting, heating cooking or home appliance used to clean, cook, or otherwise make a space cleaner. Class 11 includes air-conditioning, electric kettles, steam generating, drying, ventilating, electric cooking utensils, and refrigerators.
|Class 12 – Vehicles; Apparatus for Locomotion by Land, Air, or Water.|
This class includes vehicles and vehicle parts or apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water. This includes airplanes, boats, cars, transmission parts, steering wheels, and many other vehicle-related marks.
|Class 13 – Firearms; Ammunition and Projectiles; Explosives; Fireworks|
This includes firearms, ammunition and projectiles, explosives or fireworks.
|Class 14 – Precious Metals and their Alloys and Goods in Precious Metals, etc.|
This class includes things such as jewelry, cuff-links, clocks, watches, precious metals and their alloys, semi-precious stones.
|Class 15 – Musical Instruments|
This category covers all musical instruments and their components, both acoustic and electric.
|Class 16 – Paper and Cardboard|
This class covers paper, cardboard and goods made from these materials, not included in other classes, bookbinding material, photographs, stationery, adhesives for stationery or household purposes, artists’ materials, paint brushes, typewriters and office requisites (except furniture), instructional and teaching material (except apparatus); plastic materials for packaging (not included in other classes); printers’ type; printing blocks, typewriters, painters’ easels, napkins, envelopes, and metal binder clips.
|Class 17 – Rubber, Gutta-Percha, Gum, Asbestos, Mica and Goods, etc.|
This class covers a variety of products made of rubber and plastic such as tubes, hoses, seals, and insulation.
|Class 18 – Leather and Imitations of Leather, etc.|
This class covers leather and imitations of leather, and goods made of these materials and not included in other classes such as animal skins, hides; trunks and traveling bags; umbrellas, parasols and walking sticks; whips, harness and saddlery, non-leather suitcases and wallets, as well as certain leather animal supplies (like horse bridles), pelts, hides, and fur (including fake fur). Letter clothing are not included in Class 18.
|Class 19 – Building Materials (non-metallic); Nonmetallic Rigid Pipes for Building etc.|
Stone, metal, wood, and glass for building are in this class, along with any non-metal building materials. Cement, however, falls under Class 1.
|Class 20 – Furniture, Mirrors, Picture Frames; Goods etc.|
This class covers all furniture, including furniture for outdoors, babies, or pets. This class is also for furniture components like dowels, pins, latches and hinges.
|Class 21 – Household or Kitchen Utensils and Containers; Combs, etc.|
This class includes kitchen utensils, pots and pans and hand-operated kitchen tools. This class also includes some cleaning tools and bathroom items, as well as most glassware and dishes. Finally, certain related items, such as combs and toothbrushes, watering cans, and aquariums, also fall under this class.
|Class 22 – Ropes, String, Nets, Tents, Awnings, Tarpaulins, Sails, etc.|
Class 22 covers textiles including ropes, materials for ship and boat building, padding materials, cushioning and stuffing materials, raw fibrous materials, and other textiles.
|Class 23 – Yarns and Threads, for Textile Use.|
Class 23 covers yarns and threads for textile use.
|Class 24 – Textiles and Textile Goods|
Class 24 covers goods made from textiles. For example fabrics, labels of cloth, linens, kitchen and table linens, bath linens, sleeping bags, net curtains, mosquito nets, flags, and wall hangings.
|Class 25 – Clothing, Footwear, Headgear|
All clothing, including footwear and headwear, is in this class. Only certain specialized clothing falls under other classes, such as hair ribbons (Class 26).
|Class 26 – Lace and Embroidery, Ribbons and Braid; Buttons, Hooks, etc.|
Cording, lace, hooks, buttons, and accessories such as charms fall under the “cloth finishing” class. Interestingly, this class also includes false hair and hair accessories. Basically, most accessories used to compliment a particular outfit fall under Class 26.
|Class 27 – Carpets, Rugs, Mats and Matting, Linoleum, etc.|
Carpets, rugs, mats, linoleum, and other general floor coverings are in Class 27. Non-textile wall hangings also go into this class.
|Class 28 – Games and Playthings; Gymnastic and Sporting Articles, etc.|
This class includes all games, video games, sports equipment, toys, and playground equipment.
|Class 29 – Meat, Fish, Poultry and Game; Meat Extracts; Preserved, etc|
Class 29 covers all meats, fish, poultry, dairy products, nuts, fruits, and vegetables, jams, eggs, milk products, edible oils and fats etc.
|Class 30 – Coffee, Tea, Cocoa, Sugar, Rice, Tapioca, Sago, Artificial Coffee, etc.|
This class includes coffee, tea, cocoa, sugar, rice, tapioca, sago, artificial coffee, flour and preparations made from cereals, bread, pastry and confectionery, ices, honey, yeast, baking powder, salt, mustard, vinegar, sauces (condiments), spices, ice.
|Class 31 – Agricultural, Horticultural and Forestry Products, etc.|
This class covers raw and unprocessed agricultural products and grains that are not included in other classes. It includes seaweed, raw cocoa beans, and flower bulbs, live animals, natural plants and flowers, and animal feed.
|Class 32 – Beers, Mineral and Aerated Waters|
All non-alcoholic beverages, including bottled water, are in this class. All beer and beer products (like malt beer) are also included in Class 32. Syrups and other flavorings can also fall under this class, while things like milk, coffee, cocoa, and tea bases all fall under Class 29 and Class 30.
|Class 33 – Alcoholic Beverages (except beers), Wines, Spirits and Liqueur|
This class covers alcoholic beverages (except beers), wine, liquor, cocktail ingredients, and pre-mixed alcoholic beverages.
|Class 34 – Tobacco; Smokers’ Articles; Matches.|
This class covers all products that contain tobacco or are related to smoking tobacco, such as cigarettes, matches, and ashtrays.
|Class 35 – Advertising; Business Management; Business Administration.|
This class includes all services that involve advertising, human resources, office services, and consulting.
|Class 36 – Insurance, Financial Affairs, Monetary Affairs & Real Estate Affairs|
This class covers insurance, real estate, banking, and investment services.
|Class 37 – Building Construction; Repair; Installation Services.|
Class 37 includes building construction and repair services for buildings and technology, vehicle and airplane maintenance, mining and drilling, laundry services, and installation services.
|Class 38 – Telecommunication.|
Any service that allows one person to talk to another person, one person to send a message to another person, or one person to send a visual or audio message to another is in trademark Class 38.
|Class 39 – Transport; Packaging and Storage of Goods; Travel Arrangement.|
Class 39 covers the travel industry in Nigeria. It also includes packaging and storage of goods.
|Class 40 – Treatment of Materials|
Class 40 covers the treatment or transformation of materials. For example blacksmithing, cloth dyeing, food preservation, and woodworking.
|Class 41 – Education; Providing of Training; Entertainment; Sporting, etc|
Class 41 includes services related to education or entertainment. For example publishing services, media production, sporting and fitness centers.
|Class 42 – Scientific and Technological Services and Research, etc.|
This class covers scientific and technological services, design, research and the development of computer hardware and software.
|Class 43 – Services for Providing Food, Drinks, and temporary accommodation|
Class 43 covers marks related to temporary accommodation and food and drink services. This includes bed and breakfast hotels, animal boarding, and most bars and restaurants.
|Class 44 – Medical Services; Veterinary Services; Hygienic, etc.|
Class 44 covers medical services, veterinary services, hygienic services.
|Class 45 – Legal Services; Security Services for the Protection of Property, etc.|
This class covers legal services and security services for the protection of property. Other services that can be included in this class are escorts, matrimonial agencies, and funeral services.
In registering trademarks in Nigeria, you may apply for the mark to be registered under one or more of the 45 classes. Each class represents a distinct class of goods or services.
If you are interested in filing a trademark, patent or design application in Nigeria, please email firstname.lastname@example.org to obtain a quote. This article is intended to provide general information about the subject matter. Professional legal advice should be sought about specific circumstances.